Federal Investment in City Parks
Federal investment in city parks and greenspace yields big results for cities. City Parks Alliance supports and advocates for full and dedicated funding of the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF), increased funding for the Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership (ORLP) program, and inclusion of parks as an eligible component in any infrastructure package. We also believe that parks are a vital part of every city’s infrastructure and that parks should be part of disaster relief funds.
Land and Water Conservation Fund
Created in 1964, the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) is one of the most effective, bipartisan funding programs for parks today supporting more than 42,000 projects in 98% of the nation’s counties. The LWCF is funded through revenues from offshore oil and gas drilling royalties, a portion of which is matched by state and local contributions – increasing the return on investment without using federal tax dollars. LWCF funds leverage private investment, spurs economic development and tourism, and provides close-to-home recreational opportunities.
On March 12, 2019, LWCF was permanently authorized as part of S. 47, the John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act. The law also protects 2.3 million acres of wilderness and other public lands and is one of the largest conservation packages in a decade. City Parks Alliance continues to support full and dedicated funding of LWCF.
Current Legislation in the 116th Congress Addressing LWCF
On June 11, 2019, Representatives Jeff Van Drew (D-NJ), Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ), and Brian Fitzpatrick (R-PA), introduced the Land and Water Conservation Fund Permanent Funding Act (H.R. 3195). The Act would provide full, dedicated funding to the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF). This legislation is the companion to S. 1081 and would guarantee the full, authorized $900 million for LWCF is not raided by the annual appropriations process.
On April 9, 2019, Senators Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Cory Gardner (R-CO) introduced the Land and Water Conservation Fund Permanent Funding Act (S. 1081). The Act would provide full, dedicated funding to the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF).
Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program
The Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program (ORLP) is a LWCF program that was created in 2014. The ORLP is a nationally competitive grant program that delivers funding to urban areas – jurisdictions of at least 50,000 people – with priority given to projects located in economically disadvantaged areas and lacking in outdoor recreation opportunities. These awards help urban communities address outdoor recreation deficits by supporting projects in cities and densely populated urbanized areas that create new outdoor recreation spaces, reinvigorate existing parks, and form connections between people and the outdoors.
Examples of ORLP Grants:
$386,525 | 2014 | ORLP funds supported the initial construction of a planned 12-mile greenway system in a low-income, minority area with limited recreation resources.
$325,000 | 2014 | ORLP supported the renovation and revitalization the 50+-acre Athletic Complex at Belle Isle Park, much of which was underutilized due to its deteriorated condition.
$250,000 | 2014 | ORLP funds helped preserve 4.5 acres in the Montbello neighborhood of northeast Denver to provide a unique, natural open-space park in a densely developed residential area, restore habitat for wildlife, and offer low-impact recreation and science education opportunities primarily to youth.
$375,000 | 2014 | ORLP funds transformed a 4-acre project area comprising Johnson Oak Park and the grounds of the Jettie S. Tisdale School in the East End neighborhood. The project addressed issues of physical safety, criminal activity, and other recreation needs.
$500,000 | 2014 | ORLP supported a new 3.5-acre park on a former industrial site in an area previously underserved by recreation opportunities and characterized by significant low-income and minority populations, a larger youth population, and above-average rate of negative health issues.
$500,000 | 2014 | ORLP funds supported a 25-acre park on a former brownfield in the Cully neighborhood of northeast Portland. The neighborhood is predominantly minority and low-income and has limited outdoor recreation opportunities as compared to other regional areas.
Parks as Infrastructure
Parks, by their nature provide dual infrastructure benefits in cities. With growing urban populations and aging infrastructure, local governments and their city planners are taking a fresh look at parks as a wise investment of municipal resources to address our greatest urban challenges—from stormwater management and reducing public health costs to economic revitalization and job growth. Investing in parks and green infrastructure in cities improves resilience, drives private investment, and helps American cities remain competitive.